Describe the Program

Before jumping into the evaluation process, it is important that the program to evaluated is defined in detail. Having a comprehensive understanding of the program’s available resources, planned activities and intended changes will greatly support the evaluation planning process. This section of the toolkit provides useful information that will help you to map out the program to be assessed, including resources on logic models and the theory of change.

Resources

  • What is Theory of Change? (Center for Theory of Change) – Theory of Change is essentially a comprehensive description and illustration of how and why a desired change is expected to happen in a particular context. Learn more on this site
  • Theory of Change Examples (Centre for Theory of Change) – take a look at examples of how programs or projects have mapped out their theory of change.
  • Logic Model Workbook (Innovation Network) –  A logic model is a commonly-used tool to clarify and depict a program within an organization. Its purpose is to graphically depict your program, initiative, project or even the sum total of all of your organization’s work. It also serves as a foundation for program planning and evaluation.
  • W.K. Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide (Kellogg Foundation) -In the pages of this guide, we hope to give staff of nonprofits and community members alike sufficient orientation to the underlying principles of “logic modeling” to use this tool to enhance their program planning, implementation, and dissemination activities.
  • Guide d’élaboration de modèles logiques de programme: Utiliser les modèles logiques pour coordonner la planification, l’action et l’évaluation: A logic model is an evaluation tool, which clearly illustrates the components and activities of a program and logical links of these activities to the expected results. This document is an introductory guide to the basic principles and terminology related to logic models. (French resource)
  • Constructing a Logic Model for a Healthy Public Policy: Why and How? (National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy) – This briefing note presents a kind of logic model which can be a helpful tool for reflecting on the effectiveness of healthy public policies.

 

Tools

  •  Check back – new tools will be added regularly

Evaluation Design

There is a wide range of evaluation types, approaches and questions you can ask about any given program. Process or outcome evaluation? Participatory or Utilization-Focused Evaluation approaches? This section of the toolkit will help to answer these questions and focus the scope of the evaluation overall. The evaluation plan worksheet provides you with a road map for how the evaluation will be carried out.

 Resources

  • Types of Evaluation (CDC) – Once you’ve determined which program activities in your logic model should be evaluated, you can begin to identify the types of evaluation you can conduct.
  • Developmental Evaluation (Better Evaluation) – Developmental Evaluation (DE) is an evaluation approach that can assist social innovators develop social change initiatives in complex or uncertain environments.
  • Developing Evaluation Questions (CDC) – Evaluation questions help further focus your evaluation and should reflect the purpose of the evaluation as well as the priorities and needs of the stakeholders. You should develop questions you want the evaluation to answer about the program component/activity your are interested in evaluating.
  • An Introduction to Indicators (UNAIDS) – This book is a common-sense introduction to indicators. It is designed to provide the basic information required to understand the components and the use of indicators in the monitoring and evaluation of the AIDS epidemic and response.
  • Developing Evaluation Indicators (CDC) – An indicator  is a marker of accomplishment/progress. It is a specific, observable, and measurable accomplishment or change that shows the progress made toward achieving a specific output or outcome in your logic model or work plan.
  • Criteria for Selection of High-Performing Indicators: A Checklist to Inform Monitoring and Evaluation (CDC) – The checklist includes practice-based criteria to be considered in the selection of indicators for use in monitoring and evaluation
  • Les différents types d’évaluation (eval: Centre de ressourcs en évaluation):Depending on the scope of the evaluation, an evaluation may be used to examine one or more activities, one or more projects or programs or to focus on the strategy or governance structure of an organization. (French resource)
  • Below is an introductory webinar, presented in French, which shows the basic steps of an outcome evaluation for participants who want to start planning this type of project.
Intro to Evaluations

Tools

  •  Check back – new tools will be added regularly

 

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